Key Concepts:

  • 1)     Describe an Immersion Incident.
  • 2)     Describe the human physiological events of sudden Cold Water Shock as outlined in the Giesbrecht “1-10-1” Model.
  • 3)     Describe the most important factors affecting the chance of surviving an Immersion Incident.
  • 4)     Describe the immediate On-Scene Management of an Immersion Incident
  • 5)     Describe the importance of following traditional CPR in Immersion Incidents which emphasizes rescue breathing followed by chest compressions.
  • 6)     Describe hypothermia(mild, moderate, and severe) including definition, symptoms, and treatment. 

See the full article attached

Also, see "Patterns of Illness", a medical journal article reviewing the 1996 VOR injury history.