2018 Pacific Cup Equipment Requirements

This is the Equipment Requirements list for the 2018 Pacific Cup and constitutes Appendix II to the 2018 Pacific Cup Notice of Race. The document is derived from the US Sailing 2017 Special Equipment Requirements (SER). Each section may be annotated as being directly copied from the SER, amended therefrom, or a requirement specified by PCYC.

1 Overall [7 items]
The safety of a boat and her crew is the sole and inescapable responsibility of the "person in charge", as per RRS 46, who shall ensure that the boat is seaworthy and manned by an experienced crew with sufficient ability and experience to face bad weather. S/he shall be satisfied as to the soundness of hull, spars, rigging, sails and all gear. S/he shall ensure that all safety equipment is at all times properly maintained and safely stowed and that the crew knows where it is kept and how it is to be used. (SER1.2)
§ 1.2 - Inspections
A boat may be inspected at any time by an equipment inspector or measurer appointed for the event. If she does not comply with these regulations, her entry may be rejected or she will be subject to a protest filed by the RC. A Violation of the Safety Equipment Requirements may result in a penalty other than disqualification. Boats may be required to proceed directly to a place of inspection after finishing. (Amendment of SER1.3)
All equipment required shall function properly, be regularly checked, cleaned and serviced, and be of a type, size and capacity suitable for the intended use and size of the boat and the size of the crew. This equipment shall be readily accessible while underway and, when not in use, stored in such a way that deterioration is minimized. (SER1.4)
A boat's heavy items such as batteries, stoves, toolboxes, anchors, chain and internal ballast shall be secured. (SER1.5)
A boat shall be strongly built, watertight and, particularly with regard to hulls, decks and cabin trunks, capable of withstanding solid water and knockdowns. A boat shall be properly rigged and ballasted, be fully seaworthy and shall meet the standards set forth herein. A boat's shrouds and at least one forestay shall remain attached at all times. (SER1.6)
A boat's hull, including, deck, coach roof, windows, hatches and all other parts, shall form an integral watertight unit, and any openings in it shall be capable of being immediately secured to maintain this integrity. (SER1.7)
§ 1.7 - Scantlings
A boat may be required to submit a review of her scantlings (Replaces SER1.8)
2 Boat Layout [12 items]
§ 2.1 - Companionway
A boat's companionway(s) shall be capable of being blocked off to main deck level (sheerline). The method of blocking should be solid, watertight, and rigidly secured, if not permanent. (SER2.1.1)
§ 2.2 - Hatch Boards
A boat's hatch boards, whether or not in position in the hatchway, shall be secured in a way that prevents their being lost overboard. (SER2.1.2)
A boat's entire cockpit shall be solid, watertight, strongly fastened and/or sealed. Weather-tight seat hatches are acceptable only if capable of being secured when closed. (SER2.1.3)
A boat's cockpit drains shall be capable of draining six inches of water in 5 minutes. One square inch (645mm2) of effective drain per eight square feet (0.743m2) of cockpit sole will meet this requirement. (SER2.1.4)
A boat's maximum cockpit volume for cockpits not open to the sea, including any compartments capable of flooding, to lowest points of coaming over which water can adequately escape, shall not exceed 0.06 x LOA x Max. Beam x Freeboard aft. The cockpit sole shall be at least 0.02 x LOA above LWL. (SER2.1.5.1)
A boat's through-hull openings below the waterline shall be equipped with sea cocks or valves, except for integral deck scuppers, speed transducers, depth finder transducers and the like; however a means of closing such openings shall be provided. (SER2.1.6)
§ 2.7 - Stability
A minimum limit of positive stability of 105 degrees is required for all monohulls. (Replaces SER2.2.1)
A boat with moveable or variable ballast (water or canting keel) shall comply with the requirements of SER Appendix K. If this conflicts with 2.7, the boat shall contact the Technical Committee for resolution (Amendment of SER2.2.3)
A boat shall have the heel of a keel-stepped mast securely fastened to the mast step or adjoining structure. (SER2.6)

A boat shall have a mechanical propulsion system that is quickly available and capable of driving the boat at a minimum speed in knots equivalent to the square root of LWL in feet (1.81 times the square root of the waterline in meters) for 10 hours. Provided that a boat powered by an outboard motor is only required to carry two gallons for propulsion. (Amendment of SER2.7.1)

Instead of an installed engine, a boat may carry an outboard on its transom or securely stowed and able to be deployed rapidly. A portable generator is permitted if securely fastened in both stowed and operating positions. Gasoline and Propane must be stowed in suitable containers above the working deck or in vented compartments having no possibility of leaking into the cabin, except that small (1 liter) canisters may be stored below decks in locations reasonably secure from damage (Replaces SER2.7.3)

A boat racing between sunset and sunrise shall carry navigation lights that meet U. S. Coast Guard or applicable government requirements mounted so that they will not be obscured by the sails nor be located below deck level. (SER3.3.1)
A boat shall have a second set of navigation lights that comply with US Coast Guard or applicable government requirements and which can be connected to a different power source than the primary lights. A masthead tricolor is recommended as the primary navigation lights, and when so used the normal bow and stern lights will satisfy 3.3.2 when usable with a separate battery and wiring. A common battery switch is acceptable. (Amendment of SER3.3.2)
3 Accommodations [14 items]
§ 3.1 - Head
A boat shall be equipped with a head or a fitted bucket. (SER2.3.1)
§ 3.2 - Bunks
A boat shall have bunks sufficient to accommodate the off watch crew. (SER2.3.2)
§ 3.3 - Stove
A boat shall have a stove with a fuel shutoff. (SER2.3.3)
Vessels shall carry water as required by the Notice of Race such that a single failure of a tank or delivery system will not allow the loss of more than half the water. (SER2.3.4)
§ 3.5 - Handholds
A boat shall have adequate hand holds below decks. (SER2.3.5)
A boat's deck including the headstay shall be surrounded by a suitably strong enclosure, typically consisting of lifelines and pulpits, meeting the requirements in 2.4.2 to 2.4.8. (SER2.4.1)
§ 3.7.1 - Stanchion Bases
A boat's stanchion and pulpit bases shall be within the working deck. (SER2.4.2)
§ 3.7.2 - Pulpit
Bow pulpits may be open, but the opening between the vertical portion of stanchion pulpit and any part of the boat shall not exceed 14.2" (360mm). (SER2.4.3)
§ 3.7.3 - Lifelines
Lifelines shall be uncoated stainless steel wire. A multipart-lashing segment not to exceed 4" per end termination for the purpose of attaching lifelines to pulpits is allowed. Lifelines shall be taut. (SER2.4.4)
Lifelines shall be taut such that a weight of 9 lb at the midpoint of the widest upper span will abaft the mast will not deflect the line from straight by more than 2" (or 5" for a lower line). (Replaces SER2.4.4.1)
The maximum spacing between lifeline supports (e.g. stanchions and pulpits) shall be 87" (2.2m). (SER2.4.5)

Boats under 30' (9.14m) shall have at least one lifeline with 15" minimum height above deck, and a maximum vertical gap of 18". Taller heights will require a second lifeline. The minimum diameter shall be 1/8" (3mm). (Amendment of SER2.4.6) A class or design of boats with an extraordinary requirement may petition for an alternate arrangement. (PCYC)
Boats 30' and over (9.14m) shall have at least two lifelines with 24" (762mm) minimum height above deck, and a maximum vertical gap of 15" (381mm). The minimum diameter will be 5/32" (4mm) for boats to 43' (13.1m) and 3/16" (5mm) for boats over 43' (13.1m). (SER2.4.7)

§ 3.7.7 - Toe Rails
Toe rails shall be fitted around the foredeck from the base of the mast with a minimum height of 3/4" (18mm) for boats under 30' (9.14m) and 1" (25mm) for boats over 30'. An additional installed lifeline that is 1-2" (25-51mm) above the deck will satisfy this requirement for boats without toe rails. (SER2.4.8)
§ 3.8 - Dewatering
A boat shall have a two manual bilge pumps of at least a 10 GPM (37.8 liter per minute) capacity. One shall be operable from below deck with the cabin closed with the discharge not dependent on an open hatch. One shall be operable from on deck. Unless permanently attached to the pump, each bilge pump handle shall be securely attached to the boat in its vicinity via a lanyard.. A bilge pump discharge shall not be connected to a cockpit drain. The bilge pump shall not discharge into a cockpit unless that cockpit opens aft to the sea. Each pump shall be permanently installed except that where impractical, one pump may be mounted on a secure, removable platform. (Replaces SER2.5.2 and SER2.5.1)
4 Personal and Emergency [11 items]
§ 4.1 - Life Jacket
Each crewmember shall have a life jacket that provides at least 33.7lbs (150N) of buoyancy, intended to be worn over the shoulders (no belt pack), meeting either U.S. Coast Guard or ISO specifications. Alternatively, each crewmember shall have an inherently buoyant off-shore life jacket that provides at least 22lbs (100N) of buoyancy meeting either U.S. Coast Guard or ISO specifications. The Person in Charge shall inspect each life jacket within 60 days before the start of the race. The boat shall have at least one replacement CO2 cartridge and rearming kit for each inflatable lifejacket in this section. (Amendment of SER3.1.1)
Each crewmember shall have a safety harness and compatible safety tether not more than 6'7" (2m) long with a minimum tensile strength of 4500 Ib. (20kN). The tether shall have a snap hook at its far end and a means to quickly disconnect the tether at the chest end. (SER3.1.4) Life jackets shall be equipped with crotch or leg straps, a whistle, a waterproof light, be fitted with marine-grade retro-reflective material, and be clearly marked with the boat’s or wearer’s name, and be compatible with the wearer’s safety harness. If the life jacket is inflatable, it shall be regularly checked for air retention. (SER3.1.2)
§ 4.3 - Jacklines
A boat shall carry jacklines with a breaking strength of at least 4500 lb. (20kN) which allow the crew to reach all points on deck, connected to similarly strong attachment points, in place while racing. (SER3.2.1)
A boat shall carry fire extinguisher(s) that meets U.S. Coast Guard requirements. A boat shall carry a fire blanket. (Amendment of SER3.4)
A boat shall carry sound-making devices that meets U.S. Coast Guard or applicable government requirements, when applicable. (SER3.5)
A boat shall carry two SOLAS orange smoke flares not older than the expiration date. (SER3.6.1)
§ 4.7 - Flares
A boat shall carry four SOLAS red hand or parachute flares not older than their expiration dates (Replaces SER3.6.5) Boat flares stored inside of life rafts may not be used to satisfy the flare requirement. (SER3.6.5)
A boat shall carry a Lifesling or equivalent man overboard rescue device, equipped with a self igniting light, stored on deck and ready for immediate use. (SER3.7.1)
A boat shall have a man overboard pole and flag, with a lifebuoy, a self-igniting light, a whistle, and a drogue attached. A self-inflating Man Overboard Module, Dan Buoy or similar device will satisfy this requirement. Self-inflating apparatus shall be tested and serviced in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications. These items shall be stored on deck, ready for immediate use, and affixed in a manner that allows for a "quick release". (SER3.7.2)
A boat shall have a throwing sock-type heaving line of 50' (15m) or greater of floating polypropylene line readily accessible to the cockpit. (SER3.7.3)
A boat shall carry a Coast Guard or applicable government approved "throwable device". If the device carried under [4.8 or 4.9] satisfies this requirement, then no additional device is needed. (SER3.7.4)
5 Comms [11 items]
§ 5.1 - Tracker
Each boat shall carry and properly mount a tracker supplied through PCYC. (PCYC)
§ 5.2 - Email
Each boat shall have a reliable means of sending and receiving email separate from any PCYC-supplied tracker. Boats will be required to send and receive email during the race. (PCYC)
§ 5.3 - VHF Radios

A boat shall have:

  • a permanently installed 25-watt VHF radio connected to a masthead antenna by a co-axial feeder cable with no more than a 40% power loss. Such radio shall have DSC capability, have an antenna of at least 15" (381mm) in length, be connected to or have an internal GPS, and have the assigned MMSI number (unique to the boat) programed into the VHF. If the masthead antenna is at least 36" tall, a cable loss up to 50% is permitted. Note that other races may not permit this (Amendment of SER3.8.1) AND
  • a watertight handheld VHF radio or a handheld VHF radio with waterproof cover. This radio shall have DSC/GPS capability with an MMSI number properly registered to the vessel. (SER3.8.2) AND
  • an emergency VHF antenna with sufficient coax to reach the deck, and have a minimum antenna length of 15" (381mm). (SER3.8.3)

A boat shall have a means of long-range voice communication comprising EITHER:

  • An SSB transceiver, suitable for marine operation with at least 100W transmit capability, pre-programmed with all relevant channels for the race, and equipped with an antenna and provided with a spare antenna. OR
  • An Iridium or Inmarsat phone, operable from below deck with an external antenna, pre-programmed with race, medical, and safety telephone numbers as specified by the Communications Plan and powered or rechargeable from the boat's electrical system. (PCYC)
§ 5.5 - SSB Receiver
If satisfying 5.4 with a satphone, the boat shall also carry an SSB ("shortwave") receiver having headphones, digital tuning, an external antenna, programmed with race and weather channels, and demonstrably able to receive race and weather transmissions. (PCYC)
§ 5.6 - Comms Power
There must be a provision to power the Comms gear from either the engine starting battery or, if there is none, a separately-provided battery of at least 50 amp-hours for boats relying on SSB and 24 amp hours for satphone boats (PCYC)
§ 5.7 - AIS
A boat shall have an AIS receiver or transponder. (Replaces SER3.9)
§ 5.8 - Weather
A boat shall have a method of receiving weather information in addition to the fixed mount and hand held VHF radio. (SER3.13)
§ 5.9 - GPS
A boat shall carry a GPS receiver. (SER3.14)
§ 5.10 - MOB Button
A boat shall carry an electronic means to record the position of a man overboard within ten seconds. This may be the same instrument listed in [5.9]. (SER3.15)
§ 5.11 - EPIRB
A boat shall carry a 406MHz EPIRB that is properly registered to the boat. This device shall be equipped with an internal GPS. A device packed in a life raft is not counted. (Amendment of SER3.16.1)
7 Gear [13 items]
§ 7.1 - Plugs
A boat shall carry soft plugs of an appropriate material, tapered and of the appropriate size, attached or stowed adjacent to every through-hull opening. (SER3.22)

A boat 28' or under shall have at least one anchor and rode, and over that size shall have at least two. Each rode shall consist of chain and a single continuous (not spliced or tied except to the chain) lengths of nylon line, where the chain is at least half the boat's LOA and the total rode length is 200' plus LOA/2 for the primary and 150' plus LOA/2 for the secondary. The anchors, chains, and lines shall meet the requirements set out in the appendix. The primary anchor must meet the anchor manufacturer’s guidelines for use on a vessel of your size and design. For boats that carry two anchors, the second anchor may be smaller by no more than one size per the anchor manufacturer’s guideline. Where two anchors are carried, one may be carried in a disassembled state. (Replaces SER3.23)

§ 7.3 - Searchlight
A boat shall carry a watertight, high-powered searchlight, suitable for searching for a person overboard at night or for collision avoidance. (SER3.24.1)
§ 7.4 - Flashlights
A boat shall carry at least two watertight flashlights with spare batteries in addition to the requirement of PCER 7.4. (SER3.24.3)
§ 7.5 - Medical Kits
A boat shall carry a first aid kit and first aid manual suitable for the likely conditions of the passage and the number of crew aboard. Participants are strongly encouraged to follow the guidelines published via the Pacific Cup site and to augment them with specific needs of individual crew members (Amendment of SER3.25)
A boat shall carry an 11.5" (292mm) diameter or greater octahedral radar reflector or one of equivalent performance. (SER3.26)
§ 7.7 - Buckets
A boat shall carry two sturdy buckets of at least two gallons (8 liters) capacity with lanyards attached. (SER3.27.1)
A boat shall post a durable, waterproof diagram or chart locating the principal items of safety equipment and through hulls in the main accommodation area where it can be easily seen. (SER3.28)
A boat shall have an emergency tiller, capable of being fitted to the rudder stock. (SER3.29.1)
§ 7.10 - Spare Parts
A boat shall carry tools and spare parts, including an effective means to quickly disconnect or sever the standing rigging from the hull which shall be bolt cutters capable of cutting the boat's heaviest stay or at least two hacksaws with carbide blades (Replaces SER3.30)
§ 7.11 - Repair Tools
A boat shall have one of the following approved repair tools: (a) Band-It brand clamping tool with suitable supply of steel strap and clips or similar steel/stainless steel banding tools. [Note: “Feedwheel” style tools are not recommended because tension is usually lost when tool is removed.] OR (b) At least 100 feet of UHMW polyethylene (e.g. Spectra or Dyneema) or similar line with several suitable levers to make Spanish windlass lashings. PCYC recommends the use of line that is at least 3/16” diameter. (PCYC)
§ 7.12 - Identification
All lifesaving equipment shall bear retro-reflective material and be marked with the yacht’s or wearer's name. The exception would be for new equipment or rented equipment (e.g. life rafts) that would require the unpacking of sealed equipment in order to meet this requirement. The boat name shall be added during the first servicing of any new equipment. (SER3.31)
§ 7.13 - Cockpit Knife
A boat shall carry a strong, sharp knife, sheathed and securely restrained which is readily accessible from the deck and/or cockpit. (SER3.32)
8 Sails [5 items]
A boat shall have a mainsail reefing capable of reducing the luff length by at least 10%. (SER3.33.1)

A boat shall carry at least two of the following three sails:

  • a trysail, with the boat's sail number displayed on both sides, which can be set independently of the main boom, has an area less than 17.5% of E x P, and which is capable of being attached to the mast. Storm sails manufactured after 01/01/2014 shall be constructed from a highly visible material.
  • a storm jib not exceeding 5% of the yacht's I dimension squared, an equipped with an alternative means of attachment to the headstay in the event of a failure of the head foil. Storm sails manufactured after 01/01/2014 shall be constructed from a highly visible material.
  • a heavy-weather jib (or heavy-weather sail in a yacht with no forestay) of area not greater than 13.5% height of the foretriangle squared. (amends SER3.33.2-4)
§ 8.3 - Halyards
A boat shall not be rigged with any halyard that requires a person to go aloft in order to lower a sail. At least one halyard shall be long enough to reach from a winch to the waterline and shall be strong enough to hoist the heaviest crew, in wet clothes and gear, aboard (Amendment of SER3.35)
§ 8.4 - Boom Support
A boat over 30' LOA (9.14m) shall have a means to prevent the boom from dropping if support from the mainsail or halyard fails. (SER3.36)
§ 8.5 - Sail Numbers
Amending RRS 77 and Appendix G, each boat must have a number of the specified size on her mainsail which must be unique within the Pacific Cup fleet. In the event of conflict, priority will be given to officially-assigned numbers and then order of entry, with the lesser boat being required to change. Class and nationality insignia are not required. Contravening nationality letters are allowed. A boat shall have the ability to display sail numbers and letters of the size carried on the mainsail by an alternative means when none of the numbered sails is set. (Amendment of SER3.21)
9 Water [3 items]
A boat shall carry 1 gallon (3.785 liters) per crewmember of emergency drinking water in sturdy factory-sealed containers in addition to any other water carried aboard the boat and it shall be aboard after finishing. (Amendment of SER3.37)
The boat shall have a minimum of 10 gallons of water per crew member at the start in addition to the one gallon of emergency water set out in Section 9.1. Water may be stored in a properly installed tank or tanks, but not more than two thirds in any one tank; all or the remainder may instead be in suitable and properly stowed containers. Water shall be carried in a way that the failure of any one component will not result in the loss of more than two thirds the water. If all in containers, the containers shall be in at least two separate locations. Water in the life raft is not counted toward the total (PCYC)
Whether or not there is an onboard water maker, each boat shall consume its potable water in a prudent and timely fashion, and shall not rely on a water maker as an alternative supply of potable water, except in emergencies. (PCYC)
10 Life Rafts [2 items]
§ 10.1 - Life Rafts
A boat shall carry adequate inflatable life raft(s) designed for saving life at sea with designed capacity for containing the entire crew. The raft shall be SOLAS, ISAF, ISO 9650-1 or ORC compliant and so certified by its manufacturer or inspection certificate. Each raft shall have an insulated floor and be provided with the equipment pack appropriate to its certification, which shall be ISO pack 1 or 2, SOLAS A or B, ORC, E-Pack, or ISAF. A liferaft may be stowed either on the working deck, in the cockpit, in an adjacent compartment, or below decks. Stowage must be in a secure location and accessible, such that deployment is not obstructed by other gear. Liferafts not stowed on deck or in the cockpit may not exceed 40kg unless deployment does not require lifting. Trigger lanyard must be enclosed but readily accessible for rafts stowed below deck. Each raft shall hold a current certificate of inspection. The following portion of the life raft's supplies may be stored in the grab bag: first aid kit, seasick pills, half the pyrotechnic signals, thermal protective aids, water, food, portable sail numbers. (Replaces SER3.39)
§ 10.2 - Grab Bag
A boat shall have a grab bag with a lanyard and clip for each life raft. The grab bag shall have inherent flotation and be of a bright fluorescent color containing at leas a watertight handheld VHF radio. If practicable, keeping the boat’s EPIRB in the grab bag is advised. (Amendment of SER3.40)
11 Emergency Situations and Skills [4 items]
A boat's crew shall be aware of multiple methods of steering the boat with the rudder disabled. Where a dual rudder is accepted as satisfying this requirement, the boat shall carry a drogue. Before the start of the race, the skipper shall submit a certification that the skipper and crew have tested at least one alternative method of steering under sail in no less than 10 knots of wind and successfully demonstrated the ability of the method to steer the boat both upwind and downwind. This form will be found with other inspection materials at the race website. The inspector may require a demonstration or video of the emergency steering test. (Replaces SER4.1.1)
§ 11.2 - Man Overboard
Annually, two-thirds of the boat's racing crew shall practice man-overboard procedures appropriate for the boat's size and speed. The practice shall consist of marking and returning to a position on the water, and demonstrating a method of hoisting a crewmember back on deck, or other consistent means of reboarding the crewmember. A video of the practice shall be uploaded and posted as directed. (Amendment of SER4.2)
At least 30% of those aboard the boat, but not fewer than two members of the crew and including the person in charge, shall have attended a two-day US Sailing Safety at Sea Seminar within the last 5 years, including online courses when available, or other courses as accepted by US Sailing. Non-US residents may substitute equivalent courses meeting World Sailing standards certified by their national sailing authority. (Amendment of SER4.3.1)
The skipper and at least one member of the 2018 Pac Cup crew shall have completed and certified, no later than four days prior to the Skippers' meeting, a nonstop voyage of at least 150 miles and encompassing at least one night aboard the entered sailboat. This voyage shall be primarily under sail and primarily outside protected waters such as San Francisco Bay. (PCYC)